Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, USA
Harold A. Sackeim, Ph.D. is considered one of the founders of the field of brain stimulation. He was educated at Columbia University, University of Oxford, and the University of Pennsylvania, and has been on the faculty of Columbia University since 1977. Presently he is Professor, Departments of Psychiatry and Radiology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. He served as Chief, Department of Biological Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute for 25 years. There he led a research program on electroconvulsive therapy that radically altered understanding of both mechanisms and optimal therapeutic practices. He is the inventor of Magnetic Seizure Therapy (MST) and Focal Electrically–Administered Seizure Therapy (FEAST), and has conducted seminal clinical studies on psychiatric applications of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) and Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS). Through the use of brain imaging methods, Dr. Sackeim has contributed to knowledge of the pathophysiology of major depression, acute mania, schizophrenia, Lyme Disease, and Alzheimer’s disease. He has received numerous national and international awards for his research contributions, and he is the founding editor of Brain Stimulation: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation.